|Construction of Olympic Park, London (April, 2012) (1)|
Each field hockey team contains 16 players, 11 starters and five substitutes. Ten of the starters will play in the field and one will serve as a goalie.
Players use "hook-shaped sticks" to move a small, hard ball up and down the field for two 35-minute halves. The squad's objective is to put the ball into the opponent's net for a goal.
People who are new to the sport should find these 10 definitions helpful. Unless otherwise noted, all of the information comes from the 2012 London Olympics' website.
Golden Goal: The first goal scored in overtime. Since overtime games are sudden death; the first team to score wins.
Shooting Circle: Players can only score a goal when they are within the shooting circle, a "D-shaped" area in front of the goal post.
Pitch: Per the International Hockey Federation (FIH), this term is another name for the playing field.
Scoop: Per NBC, the term means to raise "the ball off the ground by placing the head of the stick under the ball and using a lifting movement."
Bully: According to the FIH, a bully "takes place to re-start a match when time or play has been stopped." The referee sets the ball on the ground and two players contest for it with their sticks.
Push: Per NBC, the term refers to the act of propelling the ball "along the ground using a push movement of the stick."
Green Card: "An official warning that results in an automatic two-minute suspension." Per the FIH, the team cannot replace that player for the duration of a penalty, and so must play a person down. A green card is much preferable to receiving a yellow card, which results in a five-minute suspension.
Penalty Corner: If the defending team knocks the ball out of bounds or commits certain other infringements, the opposing team is awarded a penalty corner. It is "taken from the back line, 10m [(approximately 11 yards) to] either side of the nearest goalpost." Only five defenders "are allowed to defend penalty corners."
Short Corner: It is a synonym for a penalty corner.
Offense: Per NBC, it is another name for a player infraction.
1. Photographer: EG Focus
Date: April 16, 2012
Title/Description: Construction of Olympic Park, London — (April 2012).
Location/Permission: Wikimedia Commons - Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license
(click on the title or the caption to see the photo, credits, and permissions).
-- Anthony Hopper
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